What is the difference between seasonal and novel coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are a family of viruses and there are different types of coronavirus within that family, much like there are different types of influenza viruses. Coronaviruses in general are not new, are quite common and are a frequent cause of respiratory illnesses such as the common cold. Coronaviruses tend to circulate in the fall and winter months, similar to influenza. Most people get infected with these viruses at some point in their lives.
The type of coronavirus that has recently emerged in Wuhan, China is a new type of coronavirus and is infecting people for the first time (which means that people do not have any immunity to it).
What are common symptoms of 2019-nCoV?
Information to date suggests this virus is causing symptoms consistent with a respiratory illness such as cough, fever, and shortness of breath.
How is 2019-nCoV spread?
At this time, it’s unclear how easily or sustainably this virus is spreading between people. Typically, with most respiratory viruses, people are thought to be most contagious when they are most symptomatic (the sickest). Chinese officials report that sustained person-to-person spread in the community is occurring in China. Person-to-person spread in the United States has been detected in a close, household contact to an individual confirmed to have 2019-nCoV, but the risk to the general public remains low. Cases in healthcare settings, like hospitals, may also occur.
What measures can be taken to prevent 2019-nCoV?
There is currently no vaccine to prevent 2019-nCoV infection. The best way to prevent infection is to avoid being exposed to this virus. However, as a reminder, CDC always recommends everyday preventive actions to help prevent the spread of respiratory viruses.
How is 2019-nCoV treated?
Currently, there is no specific antiviral treatment recommended for the coronavirus. There is no vaccine to prevent this virus, and the CDC advises that the best way to prevent infection is to avoid being exposed to this virus. These include washing hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds or using an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available and avoiding others who are sick.
If I am scheduled to go to China, can I still go?
Any person or group planning a trip to China should consult the CDC website for current travel advisories regarding any restrictions on travel to China. The situation is evolving. Stay up to date with CDC’s travel health notices related to this outbreak. These notices will be updated as more information becomes available.
- NJDOH – General Information Page
- CDC – General Information Page
- CDC – Home Isolation Guide
- NJDOH – Local Health Department Directory
- NJPIES, Hotline: 800-222-1222
For additional question, concerns or additional information ncov.doh.nj.gov.